Gingivitis/Gum Disease

By: J. Shahangian, DDS, MS- San Diego Board Certified Pediatric Dentist Gingivitis/Gum Disease Periodontal disease refers to the breakdown and infection of the tooth’s structure, including the surrounding bone and gums.  Your child’s natural response to the bacterial infection also influences the periodontal disease.  Prevention is the key because periodontal disease can later cause gum

Cavities and Tooth Decay

By: J. Shahangian, DDS, MS- San Diego Board Certified Pediatric Dentist Cavities and Tooth Decay The term “caries” is the more commonly know disease called tooth decay.  The disease caries is the result of the destruction of the enamel, dentin, or cementum of the tooth due to the long-term exposure to noxious bacteria. Many diseases

Cavities: Causes and Prevention

By: J. Shahangian, DDS, MS- San Diego Board Certified Pediatric Dentist What Are Cavities? The food you eat meets bacteria and germs in your mouth.  These two things can lead to plaque buildup.  I may have talked to you about plaque. Plaque is bacteria or sticky film.  Plaque, also known as bacteria, enjoys starches and

Bad Breath

By: J. Shahangian, DDS, MS- San Diego Board Certified Pediatric Dentist What Causes Bad Breath? Food break down in your body usually is the cause for bad breath.  When you metabolize your food, there are odors that are produced that travel to your mouth, bloodstream, and pass through your lungs. Doing mouth washes, brushing, and

Pacifiers and Thumb and Finger Sucking

In general, I would discourage thumb sucking or pacifiers after the age of 4 because they may lead to overcrowded and crooked teeth, as well as bite problems. In some cases, the upper front teeth may tip toward the lip or not come in properly if thumb, finger, or pacifier sucking continues after the age

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) connects the lower jaw, called the mandible, to the temporal bone at the side of the head. Because these joints are flexible, the jaw can move smoothly up and down and side to side, enabling us to talk, chew and yawn. Muscles attached to and surrounding the jaw joint control its

Impacted Teeth/Wisdom Teeth

Your child’s third set of molars are no different than any other tooth, save for the fact that they are the last to erupt, or grow, into the mouth. Because they typically do so at around the age of 18 to 20, when adolescents are close to turning into adults, these teeth are commonly referred

Sore Gums/Teething

When babies are teething, usually between the ages of four months and 2.5 years, they often have sore and tender gums. The pain usually can be soothed by gently rubbing the baby’s gums with a clean finger, a small, cool spoon or a wet gauze. A clean teething ring for the baby to chew on

Teeth Grinding (bruxism)

Teeth grinding (also called bruxism) is often viewed as a harmless, though annoying habit. Some people develop bruxism from an inability to deal with stress or anxiety. However, teeth grinding can literally transform your bite relationship and worse, severely damage your teeth and jaws over long periods of time. Teeth grinding can cause abrasion to

Gingivitis/Gum Disease

Periodontal disease is a condition in which the structures that support the teeth, including the gums and bone surrounding each tooth, become infected and begin to break down. Periodontal disease (also known as “periodontitis”) can be influenced by the body’s response to infection caused by the bacteria in plaque. Poor oral hygiene in children could